Factors affecting population growth

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  • Factors that affect population growth
    • Agricultural change
      • Technological advances improves yield and saves labour. This results in less need for children for labour and so smaller families become more economically viable.
      • This results in rapid economic growth.
      • Large families are no longer a benefit and so smaller families become more desirable, and so population growth rate decreases.
      • More yield means more money for education and gives children more opportunities.
    • Urbanisation
      • In poorer, less developed countries, cities have more opportunities than rural areas and so are more desirable.
      • Children can get better education opportunities in cities.
      • As families move to urban areas like cities, there is less need for children for farm work and so have smaller families.
      • Generally houses and appartments in cities are smaller for their price and so there is less space for children.
    • Emancipation of women
      • When educations and economies improve, there are more opportunities for girls and women to improve their quality of life.
      • As women become more educated about contraception and family planning, the size of families decrease as couples are more careful and are aware of the benefits of smaller families.
      • As the status and education of women improves, more women decide to pursue careers and may decide to be childless or wait later to have children.
      • The emancipation of women results in increased rights for women, improved education, less prejudice and the right to vote.
      • In general, higher status, improved education and equal rights result in smaller families or no children at all.
  • Education
    • As levels of academic achievement increase, the standards of living improve and children become an economic disadvantage.
    • Having less children allows parents to spend more time and money on their children, giving them a better chance at succeeding in life.
    • Education allows people to earn more money and improve their standards of living. Most children will do better of than their children.
    • Factors that affect population growth
      • Agricultural change
        • Technological advances improves yield and saves labour. This results in less need for children for labour and so smaller families become more economically viable.
        • This results in rapid economic growth.
        • Large families are no longer a benefit and so smaller families become more desirable, and so population growth rate decreases.
        • More yield means more money for education and gives children more opportunities.
      • Urbanisation
        • In poorer, less developed countries, cities have more opportunities than rural areas and so are more desirable.
        • Children can get better education opportunities in cities.
        • As families move to urban areas like cities, there is less need for children for farm work and so have smaller families.
        • Generally houses and appartments in cities are smaller for their price and so there is less space for children.
      • Emancipation of women
        • When educations and economies improve, there are more opportunities for girls and women to improve their quality of life.
        • As women become more educated about contraception and family planning, the size of families decrease as couples are more careful and are aware of the benefits of smaller families.
        • As the status and education of women improves, more women decide to pursue careers and may decide to be childless or wait later to have children.
        • The emancipation of women results in increased rights for women, improved education, less prejudice and the right to vote.
        • In general, higher status, improved education and equal rights result in smaller families or no children at all.

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