Factors of German Revolution 1918-1919

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  • The German Revolution 1918-1919
    • The Abdication of the Kaiser
      • 9 November 1918, Kaiser's ministers told him the only way to restore order was to abdicate
      • First,  he refused but lost the support of the German Army
      • 9 November he abdicated and went into exile in Holland
    • The declaration of a republic
      • 9 November, streets of Berlin were full of people outside of Reichstag
      • Phillip Scheidemann (leading member of SPD) was in the Reichstag
      • He was told armed rioters were preparing to announce a communist government in Berlin
      • He appealed for a peaceful transition to the new regime.
    • The Council of People's Representatives
      • 9 Nov, the  chancellor, Max von Baden handed his office to Friedrich Ebert (leader of SPD)
      • 10 Nov, Ebert agreed with General Groener for the army to keep communists out of power
      • 10, Nov Ebert suspended the old Reichstag. Named 6 politicians to for the CPR. They could take control of Germany
    • The Armistice
      • 11 Nov, Maathias Erzberger signed it.
      • the formal agreement between Germany and the Allies to end WW1
      • The terms of peace. Treats of Versailles became a permanent burden.

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