Factors Affecting Food Security Globally

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  • Factors affecting food security globally
    • Increased birth rates
      • Birth rates in low income countries have risen due to knowledge of hygiene and medical advances
        • "In Sub-Saharan Africa as a whole, infant mortality rates declined from 149 per 1,000 live births in the 1960s to about 101 in 2005" [ 'Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd edition.' - Jamison DT, Feachem RG, Makgoba MW - 2006
    • New pests and pathogens affecting crop growth
      • "Iowa’s corn is more vulnerable to infestation of the second flight, arriving in late July. Yield losses can occur in late-planted cornfields, where caterpillars can infest >50% of plants." Corn Earworm pest report, Iowa State University, 2019, Dr. Erin Hodgson
    • Conflicts affecting food and water supplies
      • "Conflict potential is especially high when inequalities or environmental degradation lead to extreme marginalisation of large segments of the population. The triggers inducing conflict and violence may be (Messer and Cohen 2006)" web.worldbank.org
    • The cost of agricultural input has increased due to less farming space


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