factors affecting ewt

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  • FACTORS AFFECTING EWT
    • LEADING Q
      • research
        • 45 student ps
        • video + critical q: HOW FAST WAS THE CAR GOING WHEN IT HITCONTACTED/BUMPED/SMASHED
          • smashed 40s vs contacted 31s (supports leading q)
        • EVALUATION
          • lab experiment-> lacks ecological validity (lacks emotional conditions of RL)
            • but well controlled
          • lacks pop validity
          • further r.s.-> DID YOU SEE THE/A BROKEN HEADLIGHT? 2x more likely yes to 'the'
            • 1w after diff students watched video, leading q w smashed more likely yes to broken headlight > hit
          • r.l app. to CI e.g. reinstate context, avoid leading q
    • POST-EVENT DISCUSSION
      • research
        • video of same crime diff pov then discussed
          • 71% recalled events hadn't witnessed themselves
        • EVALUATION
          • lab experiment-> lacks ecological validity
    • ANXIETY
      • research
        • negative
          • pen, discussion, + oil vs knife, shouting, blood-> weapon focus/tunnel theory
            • artifical
        • positive
          • rl shooting, highest anxiety most accurate in recalling
            • post event discussion, self report
      • inverted U curve

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