Undermining Royal Power Henry VIII - Mary I (part 1)

Inheritance, Power of Monarch, Age, Rebellion and War

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  • Undermining Royal Power Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary I (part 1)
    • Age
      • Henry VIII - ill, imobile and irritable. perception less able to exert power.
        • Surrey and Norfolk 1547 Anne Askew 1547
        • Reformists (Somerset's) control of dry stamp
      • Edward is a minor. Regency Council.
        • as becomes older his beliefs = more value. Northumberland's Protestant Reforms
          • changed his majority to 16. died just b4.
    • power of Monarch
      • Edward is a minor. Regency Council.
        • as becomes older his beliefs = more value. Northumberland's Protestant Reforms
          • changed his majority to 16. died just b4.
      • Mary is a woman.
      • Parliament
        • Mary had to negotiate (repeal of Act of Supremacy  and heresy laws failed 1st time)
          • because of patronage/money generally agreed w/ Mary
        • taxes
          • Henry also had to take out loans. Parliamentary taxes limited
        • somerset ruled by proclamation
        • respect - assumption Parliament represeted nation.
    • Rebellion
      • 1536 Pilgrimage of Grace. H/e easily squashed and never in opposition to H's rule.
      • Wyatt's Rebellion 1554
        • didn't gather much support. 3 prongs failed and stopped at Ludgate
        • Mary showed Xstian nature in leniancy (advised). Only executed Wyatt, Suffolk, Dudley and JGrey
        • vs. marriage and Catholicism
      • Edward
        • Western Rebellion 1549 (Religion)
          • pre-existing Catholic antagonism New Prayer book 1549. Whitsunday
          • failure to squash immediately undermined crown power. (Carew, N.hampton)
            • used to take down Somerset
              • easily suppressed by Lord Russel. up to 3,000 executions. Public display
                • Western Rebellion 1549 (Religion)
                  • pre-existing Catholic antagonism New Prayer book 1549. Whitsunday
                  • failure to squash immediately undermined crown power. (Carew, N.hampton)
                    • used to take down Somerset
                      • easily suppressed by Lord Russel. up to 3,000 executions. Public display
                        • support for Ed. But N.umberland's pardon refused 27th August 3,000 rebels slaughtered. 49 executions
                      • Kett's Rebellion 1549 (Economic)
                        • collapse of textile industry and enclosure
                        • Absence of clergy, nobility and gentry!
                          • size and speed Norwhich couldn't control. needed support not enough provided.
                            • Kett's Rebellion 1549 (Economic)
                              • collapse of textile industry and enclosure
                              • Absence of clergy, nobility and gentry!
                                • size and speed Norwhich couldn't control. needed support not enough provided.
                    • support for Ed. But N.umberland's pardon refused 27th August 3,000 rebels slaughtered. 49 executions
          • War
            • H's war vs France = massive failure
              • only took Boulogne. DEBASEMENT
              • war vs Scotland = succes but = alliance Scot & France
                • 1542 Pinkie Clough
                • Hertford to destroy Edin. + force reformation
            • No war. cos of damage caused by H!
              • garrisons
                • war vs Scotland = succes but = alliance Scot & France
                  • 1542 Pinkie Clough
                  • Hertford to destroy Edin. + force reformation
              • N. sold back Boulogne
                • only took Boulogne. DEBASEMENT
            • had to support husband
              • war vs. Neds 1557
              • support vs. Fr 1557 (7,000 troops)
              • war vs France 1557- expensive and lost Calais
              • Image
                • H's war vs France = massive failure
            • Inheritance
              • Edward had no heir, tf increased feeling of political instability
                • Lady Jane Grey, on deathbed + wanted England to remain Protestant = impossible because of Henry's will.
                  • Religious legacy squandered
                • Value of the Tudor name
                  • Mary has no heir, Elizabeth's religious beliefs unknown, and she's in prison
                    • Religious legacy squandered
                    • perception as a failed woman. ie. P II saw no point in staying in England
              • Mary has no heir, Elizabeth's religious beliefs unknown, and she's in prison
                • perception as a failed woman. ie. P II saw no point in staying in England

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