Eyewitness testimony - Misleading questions

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  • Eyewitness testimony - Misleading information
    • Leading questions affects 'retrieval' stage of memory
    • Loftus and Palmer
      • Recruited 45 students. Showed them films of car accidents and asked afterwards 'How fast was the car going when they 'HIT' eachother?'
        • 'HIT' was replaced with; Smashed, Bumped, Colided or Contacted
      • Evaluation
        • Change police interviews, techniques for the better
        • Highly controlled experiment
        • Lacks ecological validity
        • Biased sample


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