External factors in ethnicity

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  • External factors effecting ethnicity in education
    • Language differences
      • Problem for immigrant families when they arrive in the UK
      • Many students speak their own language, meaning they struggle to understand our language
      • They could experience negative labelling from their accents
    • Parental Expectations
      • Argued that Black parents are not as interested in their child's educational success
      • Study by Inner London Education Authority (ILEA)
        • Indian families put pressure on their children to succeed and it has a positive effect
        • Afro-Caribbean children sent to Saturday schools because parents were worried about their education
          • Pryce: Afro-Caribbean parents have high aspirations for their children
        • Bhatti: Some Asian parents were not highly educated and seek the best for their children
      • Afro-Caribbean families are often single parents families that result in maternal/ paternal deprivation
        • HOWEVER...
          • Afro-Caribbean children sent to Saturday schools because parents were worried about their education
            • Pryce: Afro-Caribbean parents have high aspirations for their children
        • Sewell: Vulnerable to negative influences of peer pressure and join gangs to make up for lack of paternal figure
          • Failure is a 'badge of honour' for black pupils
        • Murray: Black families do not place importance on British values of education
    • Material deprivation
      • Many ethnic groups are from a lower social class so often live in poor housing and cannot afford supplies
        • Bangladeshi children who failed tend to be from poorer backgrounds
      • HOWEVER...
        • Mirza found that black girls had a positive self esteem and high aspirations
        • Fuller: Afro-Caribbean girls worked hard to gain success
      • Pupils may join anti-school subcultures as a result

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