Explanations for the success and failure for dieting

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: NicoleQ
  • Created on: 18-05-15 22:56
View mindmap
  • Explanations for the success and failure of dieting
    • Restraint Theory - Herman and Mack (1975)
      • Theory to attempt to explain both the causes and consequences associated with the cognitive restriction of food intake
      • Suggested attempting not to eat actually increases the probability of overeating
      • Preload test , females split into three different conditions and also tasting and rating other foods.
      • Participants given tub of ice-cream to to taste and rate it
      • Also given questionnaires to find out whether they were dieting or restricting food
      • Support Boundary model of dietary restainrt
      • Participants dieting or restraining fadeout significantly more in conditions with the preload than those without preload. Eat more than participants who weren't dieting
      • AO2
        • Largely lab based, may not generalise. PP told when and what to eat in the time of an hour. A diet most likely last about a week or more, Reflects beviour in lab but not outside
        • Wardle and Beale, 27 women put in a diet, excursus or control group  Those in diet are more than excretes or control group.
        • Limited relevance and cannot explain all behaviour. Ogden although dieters and bulimics report episodes of overeating, anorexics don't experience this same feeling - don't go above station
    • The Boundary Model - Herman and Polivy (1984)
      • Hunger keeps intake of food above a certain minimum, and satiety works to keep intake below some maximum level
      • Between these two levels psychological factors have the greatest impact on consumption
      • Dieters have a larger range between hunger and satiety levels as it takes them longer to feel hungry but needs to eat more to satisfy them
      • Restrained eaters will eat until they reach their cognitive boundary, determined by the diet they have set themselves
      • Once they go over this boundary the continue to eat until they reach satiety
    • The Role of Detail - Redden (2008)
      • suggests the secret of dieting successfully is in the attention we pay to the detail in meals
      • People usually like actives less when they repeat them, in terms of dieting, can be difficult to stick to a regime
      • Should focus on individual items, by focusing on these details allows people to become less bored easily
      • AO2
        • Redden'sJelly Bean study 135 people given 22 jelly beans, ate been was less bored we given information about bean. Lab study may not relate to behaviour outside world


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Eating disorders resources »