Explanations of effective disorder (despression)

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  • Created by: Flo
  • Created on: 08-06-13 11:50
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  • Explanation of one disorder (Depression)
    • Behavioural explanation
      • Lewinshon et al- Behavioural approach to Depression
        • AIM- compare amount of 'positive reinforcement' received by depressed and non-depressed participants.
  • Generablisability- small sample only 30 p's, difficult to generalise.
    • EVALUATION
      • AIM- compare amount of 'positive reinforcement' received by depressed and non-depressed participants.
  • Wender et al - Psychiatric disorders in biological and adoptive families
    • Biological explanation
      • Explanation of one disorder (Depression)
        • Behavioural explanation
          • Lewinshon et al- Behavioural approach to Depression
    • Main depressive symptom is expectation that whatever you do, nothing will change.(This is learned helplessness)
      • This was then related to depression in humans.
        • Seligman- Learned helplessness in Depression
          • Original learned helplessness was an animal learning study.
            • Dog was given electric shock which it couldn't escape and would show learned behaviours 24 hours later.
              • These behaviours included not trying to excape, not following one escape with another, passively enduring electric shocks.
                • Concluded that dogs learned that responses and outcomes were not related so didn't bother trying to respond to shocks by trying to escape

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