Psychology Blind Obedience in a Prison Setting

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  • Created by: val16
  • Created on: 21-02-16 19:24
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  • Explaining The Key Issue: Blind Obedience in a Prison Setting
    • Explanation
      • MILGRAM'S STUDY
        • - Milgram's study of Obedience found that 65% of participants administered the highest shock of 450V to the participants. However 35% administered 300V and then stopped
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... That the majority of the soldiers were obedient and followed orders to abuse the prisoners given by an authority figure with power. However not all the soldiers followed the orders as Joe Darby helped bring the abuse to public attention.
      • AGENCY THEORY
        • THE AGENTIC STATE is when you act as an agent and follow orders from an authority figure with power, thinking they will take responsibility for your actions.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... The soldiers were in the agentic state and were following orders to abuse prisoners in order to get information from the prisoners thinking the authority figure with power will take responsibility for their actions.
        • MORAL STRAIN is when you are in the agentic state following orders even though they go against your moral beliefs thinking the society will benefit from your actions.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... The soldiers in the agentic state following orders to abuse prisoners in order to get information and may have experienced moral strain as the abuse may have been against their moral beliefs thinking the society will benefit from their actions by gaining the information needed.
        • AUTONOMAUS STATE is when you have free will and free thinking, taking responsibility for your actions.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... Joe Darby was in the autonomaus state as he took pictures of what was going on in Abu Ghraib prison, aware of consequences taking full responsibility for his own actions.
      • SOCIAL IDENTITY THEORY
        • SOCIAL CATEGORISATION is the act of putting yourself into a group. Your group becomes the in-group and the other group as the out group.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST...  The soldiers could have been seen as the in-group and abused the prisoners because they have seen them as the out group.
        • SOCIAL IDENTIFICATION is when you move on from putting yourself in a group to identifying yourself with the group. You adopt values, beliefs culture and norms of that group.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... Soldiers abused prisoners because they have adopted the norms of their group believing prisoners had information and they have to torture them in order to get it.
        • SOCIAL COMPARISON                    When the in group compares with the out group in order to enhance self esteem. In group favouritism: making your in group look good. Out group denigration: making the out group look bad.
          • AND SO THIS WOULD SUGGEST... Soldiers were abusing prisoners because they felt their self esteem was affected and needed to denigrate prisoners in to boost their self esteem as they shared food and cells. Done to show authority

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