Explain the different types of euthanasia and the present legal position of euthanasia

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  • Created by: bayleyc
  • Created on: 30-03-16 17:21
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  • Explain the different types of euthanasia and the present legal position of euthanasia
    • Present Legal position: In the UK euthanasia is currently illegal in active form. This is because of the 1961  Suicide Act. Although, Tony Bland was an exception as he was granted the right to die as he was in a Persistent Vegative State. This caused a legal precedent meaning that any similar cases are judged and follow suit.
    • Passive euthanasia is when the patient dies from omission. This can either be thought withholding or withdrawing treatment. For example, turning a persons life support off. Passive euthanasia is often paired with non voluntary euthanasia.
    • Involuntary euthanasia occurs when the person chooses to live but are killed anyway. This is technically called murder and is one of the reasons why so many people are against the legalisation  of euthanasia. Sometimes it can be argued that in particular situations it is in the person's best interest to die.
    • Voluntary euthanasia is when some one requests to die. They may know that the life they would live would not be enjoyable so they believe death is the best option for them. However, many people who request this are denied.
    • Conclusion:  The above essay explains all types of euthanasia, these types being active, passive, voluntary, non voluntary and involuntary.
    • Introduction: There are five different types of euthanasia. These are passive, active, voluntary, non voluntary and involuntary.  Each of these types will be explained in the following essay. In the UK euthanasia is currently illegal in most forms due to the 1961 Suicide Act.
    • Non voluntary euthanasia is when the person is unconscious or for some reason (such as being of low intelligence or a baby) cannot make a meaningful decision themselves so someone does it for them.
    • Active euthanasia is when something is added in order to cause the patients death. For example, giving the person a large enough amount of painkillers to kill them. This the of euthanasia is usually paired with voluntary euthanasia.

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