Self Report

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  • Created by: Taylor
  • Created on: 15-03-14 16:23
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  • Experiment
    • Quasi Experiments
      • Not classed as a true experiment. IV is not manipulated, but occurs naturally. Participants allocated to the conditions of an experiment.
      • ADVANTAGE: Participants unaware that they are taking part in an investigation and they may not be as artificial as lab experiments.
      • DISADVANTAGE: Harder to establish causal relationships because the IV in not directly manipulated.
    • Laboratory Experiments
      • ADVANTAGE: precise control of variables. this enables the experimenter to isolate the IV, in order to observe its effect on DV.
      • Any environment where variables can be controlled.
      • Conducted in highly controlled conditions
      • DISADVANTAGE: Not always typical to real life situations. Therefore, it's difficult to generalise findings from experiments because they are not usually ecologically valid.
      • DISADVANTAGE: demand characteristics and ethics.
    • Field Experiments
      • ADVANTAGE: High in ecological validity and may avoid demand characteristics as participants are unaware.
      • Real world situation. Participants not usually aware that they have are participating in an experiment.
      • DISADVANTAGE: Harder to control confounding variables, time consuming and expensive to conduct.
  • Laboratory Experiments
    • ADVANTAGE: precise control of variables. this enables the experimenter to isolate the IV, in order to observe its effect on DV.
    • Any environment where variables can be controlled.
    • Conducted in highly controlled conditions
    • DISADVANTAGE: Not always typical to real life situations. Therefore, it's difficult to generalise findings from experiments because they are not usually ecologically valid.
    • DISADVANTAGE: demand characteristics and ethics.
  • Field Experiments
    • ADVANTAGE: High in ecological validity and may avoid demand characteristics as participants are unaware.
    • Real world situation. Participants not usually aware that they have are participating in an experiment.
    • DISADVANTAGE: Harder to control confounding variables, time consuming and expensive to conduct.

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