Examples for Parliament-politics AS

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  • Examples for Parliament
    • Backbench rebellions
      • Blair in 2003- 122 Labour MPs backed an amendment to a motion saying the case for war for Iraq had not been proven.
      • IN the past 3 years there have been nearly 300 rebellions in the coalition.
    • Dennis Skinner- Labour MP who is not influenced by party membership and always votes with his conscience.
    • Private member bills- Abortion Act 1967
    • Vote of No Confidence- James Callaghan's government in 1979.
    • Social backgrounds of MPs
      • Youngest MP in the 2010 election was 25, average age was 50. Average age of in UK-40.3 years.
      • 22% of women are MPs,population over 50% female.
      • In 2010, only 27 ethnic minority candidates returned to the commons.
      • Only 60 MPs come from a working class background, 70% have a university degree, only 15% of UK population do.
    • Cabinet and PM
      • Blair government- handing over interest rates to the BofE in 1997, before the Cabinet even met
        • Blair continued this, preferred to conduct his business through bilateral meetings
          • Important decisions often made at informal meetings with an inner circle of advisors
          • Mo Mowlam (NIS) in the Labours first term, accused Blair putting his faith in unelected advisors rather than ministers; acting like a President not a PM.
            • In 2004, Lord Butler, concerned about the bypassing of cabinet and taking decisions at small informal meetingskk
      • John Major- used cabinet more. He was unelected until 1992, relatively inexperienced, splits over Europe.
        • Thatcher's government- Votes rarely taken in cabinet, as they would reveal divisions, example Poll Tax
      • Cameroon forced to use his cabinet more. Co-operation was need to, 5 ministers LD in cabinet
        • Coalition made and published a formal agreement on all main polices, which the cabinet were suppose to agree on.
    • Constituency representation
      • Douglas Carswell, a Tory backbencher wanted to vote against the bill. However, because on page 23 on the conservative manifesto which he stood for in 2010, he felt like it was a promise. Therefore he voted with party loyalty and not with his/constituency views.


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