Examine the concepts of hard and soft determinism. (30 marks)

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  • Created by: Marrino13
  • Created on: 24-02-15 09:00
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  • Examine the concept of 'hard' and 'soft' determinism. (30 marks)
    • Soft Determinism
      • Define - Concept that certain actions are predestined but we have control over other actions.
        • Internal causes are voluntary.
        • External causes are beyond the control of the person.
      • Quotes
        • "Actions are objects of our moral sentiment" - David Hume
          • Any sense of moral blame can only occur if something we do is a result of our character
      • Example - Soft Determinists consider both internal and external causation within case studies.
        • Leopold and Loeb
          • 1920s America - murdered 14 year old Bobby Franks
            • EXTERNAL
              • Nietzsche's literature - made the men believe that they had the right to exert their power over others.
              • Homosexuality - Leopold's feelings for Loeb were uncontrollable and could have altered his judgement.
            • INTERNAL
              • Planning the murder was voluntary - they wanted to do it as an experiment.
              • Mutilation of the body - they hadn't been exposed to this kind of behaviour in their privileged backgrounds, so this was a creation of their own minds rather than a result of their personality.
                • Any sense of moral blame can only occur if something we do is a result of our character

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