Examine what one religion teaches about marriage.(30 marks)

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  • Created by: Marrino13
  • Created on: 26-01-15 11:08
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  • Examine what one religion teaches about marriage.(30 marks)
    • Introduction
      • Christianity
      • Define marriage  - an interpersonal relationship (usually sexual) which has legal or religious recognition
    • Symbolism of Marriage
      • Catholics - marriage is one of the 7 sacraments but it is not administered by the priest.
        • Instead, the couple administer the sacrament to one another in the presence of God.
          • Become 'one flesh' (Genesis 2:24)
      • Eastern Orthodox Church - disagree with Western Views.
        • Believe that the marriage is an act of the Holy Spirit which acts through the priest during the service.
          • So they don't believe that the couple administer the ceremony to each other.
            • Can only be performed by a clergyman because marriage is a sacred mystery.
    • Homosexuality
      • Catholics - don't agree with same sex marriage despite legalisation in UK 2014.
        • Bible teaches 'homosexual offenders' are among those who 'will not inherit the kingdom of God.' (1 Corinthians 6:9-10)
        • Catechism teaches that a marriage is a mean 'to produce children' (St Augustine) and this is not possible in a homosexual relationship.
      • Teachings are generally followed in CofE churches.
        • Religious Society of Friends fully accept homosexuality, and are in favour of same sex marriage.
      • Mantion the disupting opinion illustrating the impact of society on religious values.
    • Divorce
      • Legal termination, not always recognised by religion.
        • E.g. Catholic Church
          • Believe that marriage cannot be dissolved through divorce.
            • An eternal covenant between God and couple 'until death do us part' - transcends the power of Earth.
              • So divorce is wrong.
                • "Anyone who divorces his wife causes her to commit adultery"  (Matthew 5:31-32)
                  • And 'thou shalt not commit adultery" (Exodus 20:14)
                • As is remarrying after a divorce.
                  • "Whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery." (Matthew 5: 32)
                    • And 'thou shalt not commit adultery" (Exodus 20:14)
        • EOC - divorce is discouraged because marriage is seen as a Sacred Mystery and is an eternal unity between the couple.
          • Sometimes, out of ecomonia a marriage can be dissolved and the parties involved are allowed to remarry up to three more times.
            • Divorce isn't encouraged, but they are sympathetic with certain cases who find themselves in that position. - AGREES WITH EOC
        • 1981 - CofE allow remarriage after divorce
          • But the parties involved must understand the immorality of divorce in God's eyes.
            • Divorce isn't encouraged, but they are sympathetic with certain cases who find themselves in that position. - AGREES WITH EOC
    • Relationship between Sex and Marriage
      • Catholic Teachings can be seen through St Augustine
        • Sex is to be restricted to marriage because the purpose of sex is procreation. There should be a 'certain sense of sadness for this regrettable task' even when sex is fulfilling its purpose.
        • Sex outside of marriage is a sin. Couples who sin in this way cannot receive communion.
          • "You shall not commit adultery." (Exodus 20:14)
          • "Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled" (Hebrews 13:4)
        • But Jack Dominion would disagree.
          • Accepts premarital sex, one-off adultery and homosexual sex as fine if there is a loving and committed relationship. Sex is powerful and should only occur in a strong and continuing relationship.
      • Protestant Churches
        • Believe sex can occur outside of marriage, provided that the relationship is a omitted and permanent one.
  • Mantion the disupting opinion illustrating the impact of society on religious values.

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