Exam 4

  • Created by: Angel9119
  • Created on: 10-04-19 19:08
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  • Exam 4 (19th century)
    • Key trends of the 19th century
      • Romanticism, industrial revolution, nationalism, emotionalism, colonial expansion, socialism and communism.
    • Key themes of Romantic music
      • (Goethe and Schiller), The Middle Ages, Romantic genres were opera, symphony, song (single voice with piano accompaniment, word painting, strophic or through-composed) and Requiem Mass.
        • Nature, exotic and foreign, nationalism, extreme emotion and scale, individual feeling
    • Symphony and symphony poem
      • A symphony is  an elaborate musical composition for full orchestra.
    • Program music V Absolute music
      • Program music has a subject where absolute music has no meaning.
    • Orchestra (Classic and romantic)
      • Classical orchestras used 30 to 60 players in four sections: strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion.
      • Romantic orchestras had as many as 100 players or more, and featured greater use of brass and piano.
    • Strophic song V through-composed song
      • Strophic songs use the same music for each stanza of the poetry. Through-composed songs have different music for each of the stanzas.
    • Piano forte (when)
      • Invented by Bartolomeo Cristofori Dynamic level of piano followed by an immediate increase in volume to forte Instrument invented in early 18th-century.
    • Nationalism
      • French Revolution, reflected in the arts through, books of national poetry, folk tales, dances and songs in native language etc.
    • What are the most important genres of the 1850s?
      • Solo piano works Symphonic program musicOpera
    • 3 forms of French opera
      • Lyric, grand and comique
    • Leitmotive
      • Musical phrases associated with objects, characters, events, thoughts or feelings.
    • Orchestra song cycles
      • Individual songs designed to be combined to create a story.


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