factors affecting EWT: misleading information

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  • EWT - misleading information
    • leading questions - Loftus & Palmer
      • estimates affected by leading questions (smashed, collided, hit ect.)
    • why do leading questions affect EWT?
      • Response bias - no change to memory. Substitution explanation supported by Loftus & Palmer and report of presence of glass
    • Post Event Discussion
      • discussions with other contaminates witnesses memories.
      • Gabbert et al. conformity - NSI - the need to be correct
    • useful real life applications - justice
    • artificial tasks - less stress and anxiety than real life situation
    • individual differences - older people may have less accurate recall, age bias
    • demand characteristic


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