Evolutionary theory - Bowlby's Theory

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  • Created by: ashley
  • Created on: 07-10-13 10:12
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  • Evolutionary theory - Bowlby's Theory
    • Adaptive
      • Adaptive advantage - Increase chances of survival.
        • Protect, feed and keep warm.
    • Social releasers
      • These unlock the innate tendency of adults to care for them.
        • Physical - Big eyes
        • Behaviour - Crying
    • Critical period
      • Attachment must be formed within a critical period (2 1/2 years).
        • Social
        • Physical
        • Intellectual
        • Emotional
    • Monotropy
      • Only one very special attachment.
        • Forever present  - Usually with a family member.
    • Internal woking model
      • Future relationships based on first attachment.
    • Limitations
      • Schaffer observed relationships between siblings. Undermines monotropy because they were attached to their siblings as much as there mother.
      • Koluchova found twins raised in isolation formed secure attachment once rescued after critical period.
    • Strengths
      • Hodges and Tizard didn't allow children to form attachments to their care workers. They found that the children had difficulty forming attachments with peers.
      • Bowlby found that if children were separated from their mothers for six months or more in the critical period that the child has a 80% likely hood of having affectionless psychopathy.


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