evidence for secularisation

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  • Evidence For Secularization
    • Bruce and Wallis say secularization develops in three processes.
      • rationalization
        • the idea that religiousness has no place in contemporary society
        • the world isn't viewed as being controlled by a super natural force, instead humans are viewed as being in control of their own destiny
        • the growth of rational or scientific thinking is seen as a clear indicator or secularisation
        • rationalization is linked closely with weber's view of desacrilization
          • desacrilization is where the world is loosing its magic or mystery
      • disengagement
        • the separation of the church from wider society
          • social differentiation
        • people are more concerned with their material standard of living rather than with their spiritual welfare
      • religious pluralism
        • Bruce suggested the industrialization  has fragmented society into a market place of religions and other organisations
        • Wilson says religions no longer acts as an unifying force in society.
        • this is where a  variety of religions co-exist, all of which are considered to have equal validity
        • religious pluralism is seen as evidence of religions weakening influence
    • the increasing percentage of the congregations in the older age groups are being matched by the declining percentages of younger people
    • Davie suggests that the UK population is no longer guided by the kinds of collective moral codes and community emphasis once promoted by the church
      • he points to the beginning of the 20th century when individualism took over, moral judgements became more about minimizing personal harm that taking on board the thoughts and feelings of the wider Christian community
    • Terry Sanderson said the church is loosing her core business, to (hatch, match and despatch)
    • declining church attendnce


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