Evaluation of measuring and defining crime

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  • Evaluation of defining and measuring crime
    • L: official stats may underestimate crime
      • dark figures of crime at 75%
      • Police prioritise certain crimes in certain areas, and therefore affect statistics
        • Nottingham police more likely to record robbery under £10, explaining for their spike in crime
    • S: victim surveys are thought to have a great deal of accuracy
      • Surveys account for crimes not recorded by police
        • 2006/7: official stats showed a 2% decrease in crime, whereas victim surveys showed a 3% increase
    • S: offender surveys provide great insight
      • they can account for how many people are responsible for crimes
      • However, offender may over exaggerate, hide or lie about the crimes they have committed, they also cannot track or arrest any offenders that take part in the survey as it is anonymous
    • L:politics of measuring crime
      • Party in power use stats to show that crime is falling
      • Opposition party use stats to show that crime is increasing
    • S: multidisciplinary approach
      • All figures should be carefully interpreted with causation as there are faults with each theory
      • Using a combo of methods provides deeper awareness

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