Organelles and Functions for Eukaryotic Cell

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  • Created by: Rachael
  • Created on: 30-12-12 12:23
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  • Eukaryotic Cell
    • Lysosomes
      • Contains digestive enzymes
        • Digest invading cells (Phagocytosis)
        • Break down worn out components of the cell
    • Golgi Apparatus
      • Processes new lipids and proteins
      • Packages new lipids and proteins
      • Makes lysosomes
        • Lysosomes
          • Contains digestive enzymes
            • Digest invading cells (Phagocytosis)
            • Break down worn out components of the cell
    • Microvilli
      • Involved in processes like absorption
      • Increase the surface area of the plasma membrane
        • Plasma Membrane
          • Regulates the movement in and out of the cell.
          • Contains receptor molecules that allow it to respond to hormones.
    • Plasma Membrane
      • Regulates the movement in and out of the cell.
      • Contains receptor molecules that allow it to respond to hormones.
    • Nucleus
      • Contains chromatin
        • Made of proteins and DNA that control the cell's activity
      • Contains a nucleolus
        • Makes ribosomes
          • Ribosomes
            • Site where proteins are made
            • Attached to the RER
              • Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
                • Folds proteins
                • Processes proteins
    • Mitochondrian
      • Have a double membrane
        • Outer layer is folded to form structures called cristae
        • Inside is the matrix
          • Contains enzymes involved in respiration
          • Site of all aerobic respiration
      • Found in large numbers in cells that require a lot of energy
    • Ribosomes
      • Site where proteins are made
      • Attached to the RER
        • Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER)
          • Folds proteins
          • Processes proteins
    • Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
      • Synthesises lipids
      • Processes lipids
  • Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER)
    • Synthesises lipids
    • Processes lipids

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