Eukaryotic cells organelles

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Eukaryotic cells
    • Cell-surface membrane
      • Regulates the movement of substances in and out of the cell. Has receptors to respond to chemicals.
      • Made mainly of lipids and proteins.
        • Cell wall is made of cellulose of chitin in fungi.
          • Supports cells and prevents them from changing shape.
    • Nucelus
      • Surrounded by a nuclear envelope with nuclear pores. Contains chromosomes and a nucleolus.
      • Control's the cell's activities. The nucleolus makes ribosomes.
        • Ribosomes are made of proteins and RNA.
          • Where proteins are made.
    • Mitochondria
      • Have a double membrane; the inner is folded to form cristae. The matrix has enzymes.
        • The site of aerobic respiration where ATP is produced.
    • Golgi apparatus
      • Fluid-filled membrane-bound flattened sacs with vesicles.
      • Processes and packages lipids.
    • Golgi vesicle
      • Produced by the golgi apparatus.
        • Stores lipids and proteins and transports them out of the cell.
        • Lysosome
          • Contains lysozymes to break down invading cells/worn out components of the cell.
    • RER
      • A system of membranes with ribosomes on.
        • Folds and processes proteins.
    • Vacuole
      • Contains cell sap and is surrounded by a tonoplast.
      • Maintains pressure and keeps the cell rigid.
    • SER
      • Synthesises and processes lipids.
    • Chloroplast
      • Site of photosynthesis.
        • Surrounded by a double membrane . Thylakoid membranes stacked up to form grana which are linked by lamellae.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Cellular processes and structure resources »