ethnicity and education

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  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 19-04-13 13:34
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  • Ethnicity in Education
    • External Factors Affecting Ethnic Differences in  Achievement
      • Cultural Deprivation= the children are socialised in a way that deprives them of the norms/values needed for educational success
        • Intellectual and Linguistic Skills- Bowker (1968) black non-standard english is a barrier to ed progress and integration
        • Attitudes and Values- Moynihan (1965) found that black kids are present orientated
        • Family Structure/ Parental Support- Moynihan suggests that this is due to back familes mainly being headed by a single mother- lack of male role model
        • Asian Families- greater work ethic
        • White WCL Families- less support...for ethnic minorities ed is "a way up in society"
      • Material Deprivation= the children lack income and wealth resources
        • Flaherty (2004)- Pakistanis and Bangladeshis are 3X more likely than whites to be in the poorest fifth of the population
          • 15% of ethnic minority households are overcrowded, comapered to 2% of white households
      • Racism in Wider Society
    • Internal Factors Affecting Ethnic Differences in Achievement
      • Labelling and Teacher Racism- studies show that blacks are viewed as 'disruptive' whilst Asians as 'passive'
        • Gilbourn and Youdell found that teachers were guilty of negatively looping black pupils
        • Wright (1992)- teachers assumed that Asian pupils had a poor grasp of English, and only used simplistsic language towards them
      • Peer Groups/ Sub Cultures
        • Fuller- study of black girls who rejected neg labels
        • Mirza- three types of teacher racism:
          • The colour blind- ignore issue of racism
          • The liberal chavinists- low expectations of black pupils because of cult dep
          • The overt racists- believe blacks are inferior
        • Merton- four ways black boys repond to racism:
          • The rebels- 'black macho lad' reject school
          • The conformists- were keen to succeed
          • The retreatists- disconnected from both school and sub cultures
          • The innovators- value ed, but did not seek approval from teachers
      • The Ethnocentric Curriculum= the curriculum gives priority to white culture and English language
        • Coard (2005) history lessons present black people as 'primitive'- lowers black pupils self-esteem
      • Institutional Racism= discrimination that is built into the way institutions such as schools operate
      • Selection and Segregation- Gilbourn, marketisation gives schools the chance to select pupils and ethnic minorities are disadvantaged due to stereotypes
      • The Commisssion for Rcaial Equality (1993)- ethnic minorities end up in unpopular schools...
        • racist bias in interviews
        • ethnic minority parents are often unaware of how the waiting list system works
        • reports from primary schools stereotype ethnic minorities
  • The Commisssion for Rcaial Equality (1993)- ethnic minorities end up in unpopular schools...
    • racist bias in interviews
    • ethnic minority parents are often unaware of how the waiting list system works
    • reports from primary schools stereotype ethnic minorities

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