ethnicity education CD

View mindmap
  • (External factors) ethnicity - cultural depriv.
    • Asian families
      • Sewell; Indian and Chinese pupils benefit from supportive families "asian work-ethic" - place a high value on education
      • Lupton; adult authority in Asian families is similar to the model that operates in schools
        • this had a kncok on effect in school, since parents were more likely to be supportive of school behaviour policies
    • White, working-class families
      • underachieve and have lower aspirations
        • survey of 1600 pupils - ethnic minority pupils are more likely to aspire to go to uni than white british
        • result of lack of parental support
          • Lupton studied 4 mainly working-class schools - 2 prodominatly white, 1 serving a pakistani community and the 4th ethnically mixed community
            • teachers reported poorer levels of behaviour and discipline in the white working-class schools despite that they had fewer children on FSM
              • teachers - white had negative views on ed. but ethnic minorities saw it as a way up in society
    • compensatory education
      • tackles cultural deprivation
        • aim of Operation Head Start in the USA was to compensate children for the cultural defecit they are said to suffer because of deprived backgrounds
    • criticisms of cultural deprivation theory
      • Driver; ignores positive effects of ethnicity on achievement
        • shows that the black Caribbean family, far from being dysfunctional, provides girls with positive role models of strong independent women
          • this is why black girls tend to be more successful in education than black boys
      • Lawrence; challenges Pryce's view that black pupils fail because their culture is weak and lack self-esteem
        • argues black people underachieve because of racism
      • Keddie; cultural deprivation is a victim blaming explanation
        • ethnic minority children are culturally different, not deprived
          • underachieve because schools are ethnocentric (biased in favour of whie culture and against ethnic minorities)
      • these critics oppose compensatory education because they see it as an attempt to impose the dominant white culture on children who already have a coherent culture of their own
        • they propose 2 main alternatives
          • multicultral education
            • a policy that recogises minority cultures and includes them in the curriculum
          • anti-racist education
            • a policy that challenges the prejudice and discrimination that exists in schools and wider society


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Education resources »