Ethnic Differences in Achievement (EX)

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  • Ethnic Differences in Achievement (EX)
    • Intellectual and Linguistic Skills
      • Teachers are generally white and middle class and assume that language barriers are lack of ability and therefore have a lower expectancy on students
      • The Swann Report (1985) found that while language factors may hold some students back, it is actually not a massive issue
    • Attitudes and Values
      • Black children are socialised into a subculture that instils  fatalistic 'live for today' attitude, Not valuing education.
    • Family Support
      • Swann Report and Pilkington (997) suggest that some ethnic minorities have more support than others
      • Bhatti (1999) researched into relationships Pakistani, Indian and Bangladeshi students and parents. They are supportive however their educational level creates barriers.
    • Absent Fathers
      • Moynihan (1965) argues that many black families are headed by a lone mother and their children and deprived of adequate care because she has to struggle financiially
        • Girls do better as they have to be the breadwinner
      • Boys lack a positive role models
        • Lack  of discipline - results in behavioural issues
    • Gangs and Culture
      • Street gangs occur to 'preserve love and loyalty' with anti-school black role models who demonstrate masculinity
    • Black - Middle Class
      • Black middle class parents were concerned with actively involving their children in schooling
      • Wright, Standen and Patel (2010) found high levels of support for education in black communities alongside building positive self-esteem
      • Modhood (2006) showed parental aspiration and support was an important factor in explaining why ethnic minorities are more likely t enter higher education than white people

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