Ethiopia

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  • Ethiopia
    • Location
      • Centre-east of africa
    • Landlocked (bordered by 6 countries)
    • Landscape
      • Western highlands: densely vegetated
        • Rise upto 4500 meters
        • Cooler then lowlands
        • Thin soil
        • hard for communications + machinery use
      • Eastern Lowlands: arid desert
        • Better for farming then highlands
        • suffer from overgrazing (animals eating grass), soil erosion and desertification (fertile land becomes desert)
    • Suffered from droughts + famine
    • Africa's oldest independent country
      • Was founded member of the united nation
    • Climate
      • Eastern lowlands: Droughts, 2 rainy seasons. 2 dry. unreliable 0-300mm rain. temp. 30-40
        • But food production still high in wetter/cooler western + central regions
      • Western Highlands: wettest region. Long rainy season. Steep land (4500m). Temp. average 25-35. Average 1200-2000mm rain - good for crops
    • Ecosystems
      • Various
        • Mountainous, woodlands, wetlands
      • Highlands: tropical savanna grasslands
      • Eastern Lowlands: deserts + semi-deserts
      • High biodiversity
    • Natural Resources
      • gold, oil. gas - not yet fully exploited

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