Ethiopia

View mindmap
  • Ethiopia
    • Ethiopia, 2015
      • Ethiopia has suffered multiple droughts since the 1980s, when the short rainy season began to get shorter, and the long rainy season got later and less predictable. 85% of the people of Ethiopia live in rural areas and rely on agriculture, so low rainfall can be devastating. The 2015 drought was the worst in 30 years.
    • Main hazards
      • Reduction in crop yields leading to malnutrition and death for people and livestock.
      • Longer journeys to find water, taking children out of school and farmers out of the fields.
      • Migration in search for ways to survive, breaking up communities.
    • The lack of rainfall in Ethiopia in 2015 was estimated to be as severe as 1984, when global responses included LIve Aid
    • Impact of Ethiopian drought on people and ecosystems
      • Death of livestock causes a food crisis
      • Loss of crops means maize price rockets
      • People eat less, become weak from malnutrition and more vulnerable to disease
      • Girls have to walk further to get water, so cannot go to school
      • Long grasses used for roofing cannot grow, so homes are unprotected
      • Loss of habitat for fish and wildlife due to low water levels in reservoirs, lakes and ponds, e.g. Borkena Wetland
      • Increase in disease in wild animals, because of reduced food and water supplies
      • Migration of wildlife
      • Loss of 200 000 hectares of forest every year due to forest fires
      • Extinction of some species, e.g. Grevy zebras. Wind and water erosion of soil.
    • What has the response been?
      • Governments: Overseas governments have given aid, e.g. the USA gave US$128.4 million in food aid for Ethiopians in 2015
      • Organisations: Aid agencies such as Oxfam and UNICEF are helping people to get water supplies. Education charities are trying to help people get jobs in urban areas.
      • Individuals: Large charity events like Live Aid have helped raise awareness and money.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Weather and climate resources »