Psychological Investigations : Ethics

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  • Ethics
    • Aviodence of psychological harm
      • Studies should avoid presenting participants with tasks or scenarios that might induce unpleasant emotions or states of minds such as anxiety, fear, stress, unhappiness, nor must they expose participants to any physical risk.
    • Informed consent
      • Participants should be given information about what they will be asked to do during the study and they should conform verbally or in writing that they understand the study and are willing to participate
    • Deception
      • Information given to participants (or the parents of participants) does not have to include the exact aims of the investigation but at the same time it should not be deceptive
    • Right to withdraw
      • During the introduction to the study when informed consent is obtained the researcher must tell participants that they have the right to withdraw, and the right to not answer any question at any time
    • Debrief
      • At the end of a study participants should be made aware of the real aims of the study and should be given the opportunity to ask questions of the researchers
    • Confidentiality/ anonymity
      • Individual paticipants should not be identified or identifiable in any write-up of the study, nor should the participants discuss individuals performance with anyone. This is to respect their privacy


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