Ethics of sport

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      • 19th century
        • Code of ethics
          • Middle classes
          • Playing to moral values
          • Fair play
          • Sportsmanshi-p
          • Clearly set rules
            • Put into NGBs formed by middle/upper classes
        • Playing sport for the love of it
          • Middle classes
          • Upper class/social elite
      • Modern day Britain
        • Amateurism still evident
          • Fair play/sportsma-nship
            • Fair play awards
            • Shaking hands
          • Rugby union
            • Maintained amateurism till late 20th century
      • Written by Baron de Coubertin
      • First taken at 1920 summer Olympics, Antwerp
      • Promise made by one athlete as a rep. of each of the participating competitors, one judge as a rep. of Olympic officials who commit to impartiality at the opening ceremony of each Olympics, and one coach
      • Lots of evidence of doping and positive drug tests in modern Olympics
        • Leaves relevance of Olympic Oath in question
      • Conforming to the rules and etiquette of a sport
      • E.g. kicking ball out of play for injury
      • Playing by written rules, code of ethics, fairness, self control
      • Under attack as winning is emphasized
        • Simulation goes against sportsmanship
      • Ways to encourage
        • NGB campaigns
        • Fair play awards
        • Use of technology
          • Performers can be cited after matches for bad behvaiour
        • Punish foul play/unsportin-g behavior
        • Use positive role models
        • Rigorous drug testing
      • Bending the rules and stretching them to their absolute limits without getting caught; using whatever dubious methods possible to achieve the desired results
      • Fine line between gamesmanship and cheating
      • Examples
        • Delaying play at restart
        • Time wasting
        • Verbally distracting opponents
        • Taking unnecessary time-outs
        • Deliberate deception of official


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