Ethical costs of conducting research

  • Created by: Mbegum
  • Created on: 09-01-19 01:04
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  • Ethics
    • Benefits to society & economy
      • benefits to society
        • psychoactive drugs = treat mental disorders
        • McCrone report
          • direct cost of mental health in England
            • £22.5 billion
              • medication = > economic gain VS psychological therapies
        • Bowlby
          • < emphasis on emo care
            • in early child care
              • past belief = physical care only necessary
                • this belief = still present in some parts of the world
    • Individual Participants
      • Watson & Rayner
        • high cost - to little Albert
          • deliberately subjected to psych harm
            • may have had long-lasting effect
              • moved away = before debrief
        • major demo = emo can be learnt
        • Russ Powell et al
          • suggests
            • Albert = might have had
              • lifelong aversion to animals
      • Milgrams study
        • PTs
          • said =
            • taught them important life lesson
            • can never really debrief after experiment like that
            • caused to re-evaluate whole life
              • realised vunerability to authority
        • big impact on views of obedience
          • people shocked by
            • extent willing to harm others
    • Negative consequences for society
      • asking research question
        • e.g
          • are there racial difference in IQ
          • is homosexuality inherited
        • damaging to members of particular race/sexual orientation
          • because appears to add scientific credibility to prevailing prejudice just by asking
      • Not conducting research
        • may have negative outcome for society
        • Sieber & Stanley
          • brought attention to studies
            • w/ social consequence / implications
              • on PTs or indiv represented
      • participating in research
        • socially sensitive research
          • increase chance of indirect impact on PTs
        • always some social conseq
      • What is the solution?
        • Avoid socially sensitive research
          • psychs = bored w/ only unimportant issues
        • Sieber & Stanley
          • ignoring sensitive research
            • not responsible approach to science
          • suggest
            • avoiding controversial topics
              • also avoiding responsibility
          • psychs duty
            • to conduct sensitive research
              • but be aware of results
                • can lead to abuse / discrimination
    • Risk management techniques used by psychs
      • British psychological society code of conduct & ethics
        • 4 core principles
          • responsibility
          • competence
          • intergrity
          • respect
        • also provides advice on specific situations
          • give instuctions for what's most appropriate
      • psychs managing ethical risks
        • via development of prof fuidlines
          • for conducting studies
      • Canadian Psychological society
        • criticism of ethical guidelines
          • close off discussion
          • discourage indiv from taking responsiblity for their behav
        • VS stating ethical principles
          • emphasises ethical decision-making
        • provides hypothetical ethical ilemmas
          • encouraging psychs to open up discussions

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