Ethnicity and World English

Language and enthicity and world english revision mind map

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  • Ethnicity and World English
    • Sue Fox
      • MEYD -Multi-Ethnic Youth Dialect
      • MLE- Multi Cultural London English
      • 1. Influences of diff langs, cultures a    creoles 2. MLE is used by teens in Lon but is spreading 3. white, black+asian communities all use the dialect. 4. Rapidly changing dialect - trends are signif.
      • CODE SWITCHING... switching between codes of language (brought up in the education system.)
    • World Standard English
      • Presents the debate of whether or not the core of all languages should be WSE
      • Advantages: Easier to communicate, more equality, Literature texts all published/analysed in same way, restrict conflict, language wouldn't be a barrier, education, useful in business E.g. import/export.
      • Disadvantages: Less variety and diversity, no identity between cultures, loss of individuality, value of langs decrease (loss of jobs), streamlined version of Eng (loss of idioms and phrases), cause problems of superiority, problematic for older generations, nothing new to learn (no borrowing)
    • Hinglish
      • Hybrid of the languages Hindi and English
    • Black British English (BBE)
      • Combination of Caribbean creoles and British English.
      • An assertion of black identity in the UK. Since 1950's (post-war immigration) more immigration to London.
    • Pidgins and Creoles
      • Non-standard varieties from through language contact and necessity.
        • (PIDGIN - CREOLISATION- CREOLE)
      • Pidgin- A system of communication which has grown among people who do not share a common language but need/ want o talk to each other.
        • Koinezation is a key feature with Pidgins
        • E.g. Tok Pissin (talk pidgin) Papa New Guinea
      • Pidgin Langs= limited vocab (700-2000), reduced grammatical structures, narrow range of functions, not a nature lang, most based on European langs.
        • Come and go quickly or become a creole. E.g. French pidgin in Vietnam came and went because after the war it was not needed.
    • Australian English
      • 1950's - Gained independence. 1970's - Australian recognised + valued Eng. 1976- Australian English Dictionary.
      • Features: HRI (High rise Intonation), Longer vowel sounds, some influence from American but insignificant.
    • South African
      • English holds prestige (schools, social, media) -In the past more influential than American but could be changing/shifting.
      • Afrikaans = Dutch/Flemish (Belgian) - Language through Immigration
      • Pronunciation: /a/ as in sat = /e/ like set
        • /e/ as in pet = /i/ like pit (short vowel sounds like RP)
          • g= ch (loch) ja= yes     bakgat (buck-ghat)= cool
            • Afrikaans = Dutch/Flemish (Belgian) - Language through Immigration
    • London Jamaican
      • Mark Sebba 1990's (related to sue fox?) Caribbean communities in London and UK. Young generation born in London.
        • Early forms of MLE - Jamaican Creole and  Cockney, EE, Standard English.
          • Code switching
            • Mark Sebba 1990's (related to sue fox?) Caribbean communities in London and UK. Young generation born in London.
              • Early forms of MLE - Jamaican Creole and  Cockney, EE, Standard English.
                • Code switching
      • EE- David Rosewarne
        • Estuary English: Hyper correct H, Vowel Sounds, Hear all consonant E.g. Gatwick
        • In the middle of RP and cockney. Recognised in 1980's (Thames estuary).
        • David Rosewarne predicted that EE would take over as the standard accent.

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