Ethical, Legal, Cultural and Environmental Concerns

  • Created by: Jack498
  • Created on: 11-01-19 09:33
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  • Ethical, Legal, Cultural and Environmental Concerns
    • Ethics
      • Ethics - A set or moral principles created by society
      • Ethics - An opinion on what is right and wrong.
      • Legislation legally dictates what is right and wrong.
      • Legislation - A collection of rules and laws, where people can be punished through sanctions
        • Sanction - A punishment, or action, for breaking a specific rule or law
        • Definitions
          • Legislation legally dictates what is right and wrong.
          • Sanction - A punishment, or action, for breaking a specific rule or law
    • Software
      • Open-Source Softare
        • Open-Source -  Code for the software is made freely available and can be freely modified
        • This software is free to modify, and so some users may look to develop the software for their own needs. Upgrading it for everyone else if testing is successful
      • Proprietary Software
        • Proprietary - Software that is owned by a company or individual that is not free to be modified
          • Compiled Code - The executable program code that is created from compiling the source code
        • Software made only of compiled code. To use the software you'd usually have to pay a fee. normally not allowed to modify, copy or redistribute software. Meaning the user can't fit it perfectly for their use.
    • Legislation
      • Definitions
        • Data Protection Act 1998
          • The Data Protection Act governs the personal data held by an organisation
            • The eight main principles to follow
              • 1. Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully
                • 2. Personal data shall only be obtained for lawful purpose and not used for any other purpose than the one it was attained for
                  • 3. Personal data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive for the purpose it is required for
                    • 4. Personal data shall be accurate and kept up to date
                      • 5. Personal data shall not be kept for longer than the purpose required for
                        • 6. Personal data shall be processed in accordance with an individual's rights under the act
                          • 7. Personal data must be kept safe and secures at all times, and protected against accidental loss, damage and destruction.
                            • 8. Personal data shall not be transferred to a country outside the European Economic Area, unless the country has adequate levels of protection in place
        • Computer Misuse Act 1990
          • The Computer Misuse Act protects personal data held by organisations from hackers
            • Prevents  unauthorised access to computer terminals and it materials.
              • Prevents unauthorised modification of data. editing, deleting, or downloading cannot happen unless uauthorised
        • Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988
          • This act protects intellectual property. This refers to anything an individual or organisation has created.
            • It is illegal to:
              • Share any work that has copyright without the owners permission
              • Plagiarise the work of anouther that has copyright
            • Interllectual Property - A Persons property that is the result of their creativity
        • Freedom of Information Act
          • This act allows the public to access information about a public organisation, including the activities they partake in
            • The act covers information that the organisation stores, emails and any hard copies of documents.
              • The act defines public organisations as school, universities, governmental departments, the Houses of Parliament, local councils, the police, the National Health Service and the police.
      • Privacy Issues
        • many people put personal things on the internet. Which is fine but it's very hard to keep things private on the internet
          • (Mostly using social media profiles)
        • Although most website have privacy policies when you sign up. many people do not read the policies and do not know what could be done with their data
          • A company may have a policy that gives it the right to :
            • 1.Sell your personal data
              • 2. Make any of your photographs and details public
                • 3. Disclose your internet surfing and buying habits for targeted advertising
                  • 4. Retain any of your data posted, including images and videos, even after you delete them from your account

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