eschatology

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  • Eschatology
    • what will take place at the end of time
    • Mark 13
      • 'the sun will be darkened' 'the powers in heaven will shake'
        • cosmic disaster
      • show establishment of reign of god in glory
    • the resurection
      • beginning of end of sin
      • Jesus showed life continued beyond the grave
      • early Christians-Jesus' Resurrection quickly followed by people
      • now- still shows defeat of sin, christians must live life of resurrection here on earth,  resisting evil, guided by HS
    • St Paul's letter
      • Resurrection shows 'life is changed not ended'
      • 'what is sown is perishable, what is raised is imperishable'
        • relationship of earthly body and heavenly body-like seed-seed and plant same but unrecognisable-corinthians
    • John 14
      • 'I will come again, so that where i am you are also'
    • John 20
      • appeared to disciples, not limited by physical barrier
    • The four last things
      • death
        • soul passes beyond veil of death, at end of time body and soul reunited. transition to new phaselife
      • judgement
        • presence of total love of God,people are aware if they've fullfilled Gods plan
        • Christ died to save us- judge is merciful
      • heaven
        • eternal happiness in God's presence. Have to accept God, will not force people.
      • hell
        • separation from God-aware of what they have thrown away
        • those in hell have damned themselves-free will
    • Purgatory
      • people cant feel ate ease in front of God conscious of their sins
      • 'we experience burning shame'
      • cleansing process for those awaiting to go to heaven
  • Individual and final judgement
    • particular judgement, after death, heaven, hell or purgatory
    • final judgement-whole of creation will be judged when Christ comes, the reign of God will be established-everything perfect
    • oc-judgement after death is decisive, totally eject or accept God -no purgatory
    • oc-everyone wait in graves for second coming, there will be a one for all judgement
  • The Parable of the rich man and Lazarus
    • a parable-story with religious message
    • the hard- hardheartedness that can come from wealth and fame
      • 'if they dont listen to the prophets ....not convinced if someone rises from the dead'
    • lack of warmth that comdemns rich man to Hades
    • people in heaven on side of Abraham
    • no movement between heaven and hell
    • aware of joy in heaven
  • cosmic reconciliation
    • Gen 3 'the fall', contains insights to human nature, Represents disharmony which is restored
    • tendency to sin breaks down relationship
    • ''he is the head of the body, the church, he is the beginning'
      • Julian of Norwich
        • medieval writer, in twenties was dying and had a series of 'showings'
        • health got better became an anchoress
        • asked why there is sin and fur-'must be sin, but all shall be well'
        • needed for people to make free choices for or against GOd
    • all things united by christ
    • Jesus destroyed power of sin
    • since death came through a human being, the Resurrection has come through a human being
    • all things in creation will be brought together in harmony
  • Second Vatican Council
    • we should prepare for end of time
    • people empowered by HS
    • 'on our lord's advice we must be constantly vigiilant'
    • church not prepared, a community of sinners, all people should join church
    • 'church will attain full glory only in heaven
  • Free will and Hell
    • Gods love brings people into existence and 'Gods love never ends', we must continue to live
    • THE Catechism of the Catholic church-people commit mortal sins, can be forgiven if person is sorry.
    • people's free will results in them being in hell
  • The last RIghts
    • annointing the sick--'the prayer of faith will save the sick'
      • holy water, person confesses, reading, litany, lays hands, oil, our father, communion
      • holy spirit gives strength to resist sin
      • forgivenss,
      • physical,spiritual healing
      • communion shows CHrist is present
    • commendation of dying
      • may hold crucifix, baptismal promises renewed, reading, litany, communion(viaticum), prayer
    • funeral rite
      • body taken to church, coffin sprinkled with holy water, placed by paschal candle-light of risen christ
      • funeral mass
        • priest wears purple or white
        • 'requiem'-rest
        • readings focus on effects of Christ's resurrection
        • during Eucharistic prayer, prayer for dead is said
      • the commital
        • prayer said that sins may be forgiven
        • coffin again sprinkled with holy water
        • burining incense over coffin-sybolise how body was filled with HS, and prayers being offered to GOd
        • coffin blesses, finally prayer said for mourner
      • at Grave
        • our father is said
        • sprinkled with holy water
        • prayers reflect hope
  • Care of Dying and EUthanasia
    • if anyone destroys a human life thay are rejecting a gift form God
    • many CHristians are willing to accept suffering as a way of sharing in the suffering of Jesus
    • life should be respected whilst it's lived even though death brings life 'life is a gift'
    • ''it is in fact a sharing in Christ's passion'
    • must not hasten death- against moral law
    • lower's value and dignity of life
    • 'we should be able to respect it with responsibility and dignity'

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