Equity theory mindmap

  • Created by: aryan26
  • Created on: 05-02-19 09:27
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  • Equity theory
    • Partners are concerned with fairness which is achieved when they get approximatelywhat they deserve
      • One partners benefits minus costs= other partners benefits minus costs
      • If a partner perceives the relationship as unfair they are going to be dissatisfied regardless of over or under benefitting
        • Over benefitting = guilt and shame
        • Under benefitting= anger and resent
      • Perception. Of equity changes- normal to put in more than you receive at the start but if this continues = dissatisfaction
        • Way of dealing also changes- what seemed unfair at the start may become the norm. The partner who gives more may start working harder to restore the balance
    • Research evidence
      • Utne et al: self report scales to measure equity. 118 ppts ages between 16 and 45 and had been together 2+ years before marrying. More equitab le=more satisfied
      • Stafford & canary- studied 200 married couples completed questionnaires on equity and satisfaction
        • Asked about ways they maintained relationships e.g. dividing chores and communication
        • Partners who viewed relationship as fair followed by those who overbenefitted experienced most satisfaction
      • Brown an and de Waal- study of capuchin monkeys. Deprived reward for completing a game= anger. Suggests equity has ancient origins
    • Evaluation
      • Reasearch support
      • Berg and McQuinn- longitudinal study on. 38 dating couples
        • High equity at the start of the relationship=strong predictor that they would stay together
        • Perceived fairness is either present or not in relationships from the start; contrary to the prediction of the theory
      • Dissatisfaction may be the cause not the consequence of inequity
        • Van Yperen &Buunk- married c ouples and found that dissatisfaction in inequitable relationships  increased
        • Individual differences in perception of equity. Some people are less sensitive and are prepared to give more
          • Hussman-  Benevolents-prepared to give more
          • Entitleds- believe they deserve to over benefit and don’t fell guilty about this
    • Issues and debates
      • Ignores differences in perception- Sprecher: women are more disturbed when under-benefitting and feel more guilt
        • DeMaris et al: women  are more focused on relationships so are more sensitive to injustices
          • indicates gender differences thus the research has beta bias
      • proposes a universal theory- Mills&Clarke: not possible to asses equity as input is often emotional which is unquantifiable
        • better to use an idiographic approach which focuses on qualitative experiences
      • doesn't account for cultural differences
        • Aumer-Ryan: equity is more important in western cultures. those in non-western cultures were most satisfied when over benefiting- theory has culture bias


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