Epistolary Novels

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  • Epistolary Novels
    • decline in poplarity
      • jane austen "love and friendship"
      • shamela by henry fielding highlighted disadvantages
    • increase in popularity
      • development of postal service
        • Tobias Smollett’s Humphry Clinker (1771) 
        • mail-coaches
        • popular form of communication
      • increases relationshio between reader and character
  • development of postal service
    • Tobias Smollett’s Humphry Clinker (1771) 
    • mail-coaches
    • popular form of communication
  • Samuel Richardson
    • Epistolary Novels
      • decline in poplarity
        • jane austen "love and friendship"
        • shamela by henry fielding highlighted disadvantages
      • increase in popularity
        • increases relationshio between reader and character
    • pamela
      • more of a manual for women
      • highloghted innocence and virtue which had not been seen in epistolary novels before
        • love-letters
          • normal form
    • clarissa
      • richardson wanted more control of his readers which he had lost in pamela
  • peaked in epistolary form
    • Samuel Richardson
      • pamela
        • more of a manual for women
        • highloghted innocence and virtue which had not been seen in epistolary novels before
          • love-letters
            • normal form
      • clarissa
        • richardson wanted more control of his readers which he had lost in pamela
  • death of protagonist
    • women
      • becoming more literate in 18th century
      • the closeness between readerand character allowed women to convincingly create female characters
    • fanny burney
      • women
        • becoming more literate in 18th century
        • the closeness between readerand character allowed women to convincingly create female characters
      • character seeking approval from father
        • relates to authors life
    • highlighted the exhausted form and ridiculousness
      • fanny burney returned to third person novel
        •  17th Century with writers like Aphra Behn “love letters between a nobleman and his sister” new modern piece of literature combined politics and situation
          • absorbative reading form - closeness to character, difficult to distinguish between fiction and reality
            • Jean-Jacques Rousseau used the form as a vehicle for his ideas on marriage and education 
              •  Philosophical novelist dramatizes elicit feelings and demands of society.
            •  presents an intimate view of the character’s thoughts and feelings without interference from the author 

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