Enzymes

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  • ENZYMES
    • Breaks down large molecules into smaller soluble molecules. Then diffused into the blood stream.
    • Biological catalysts.
    • Produced in the small intestine and pancreas.
      • Amylase
        • Carbohydrate
        • Breaks starch into sugar (Glucose)
        • Also produced in the salivary glands.
      • Protease
        • Protein
        • Breaks down protein into amino acids.
        • Also produced in the stomach.
      • LIipase
        • Breaks down lipids into fatty oils and Glycogen.
        • Fats
    • pH
      • Different enzymes work best in different pH.
      • Acids
        • Stomach produces hydrochloric acid to begin digestion and kill harmful micro-organisms.
      • Alkali
        • Small intestine works best in a high pH.
    • Bile
      • Made in the liver.
      • Stored in the gall bladder.
      • Released into the small intestine to neutralise the acid from the stomach.
  • LIipase
    • Breaks down lipids into fatty oils and Glycogen.
    • Fats

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