Enzymes, Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins

Mind map about enzymes, their uses, digestive enzymes and enzymes in industry. Also lipids, Carbohydrates and proteins

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  • Enzymes and Carbs, lipids & Protein
    • Enzymes
      • Natural catalysts
      • Become denatured when PH or temp too high
      • MADE OF PROTEINS
        • Proteins made of Amino acids
      • ACTIVE SITE
        • Where reactants stick to enzyme
      • Functions
        • Build big molecules with little ones
          • Building a house out of bricks
          • Glucose to Glycogen
        • Change one molecule into another
          • Sugar to glucose
          • Changing ice to water
        • Break down  large molecules into little ones
          • Knocking down a house to use bricks
      • Digestve enzymes
        • Work outside the cells
        • Produced in Glands
          • SALVORY GLANDS AND PANCREAS
        • Break down food molecules  so they can be absorbed
          • This what digested means
        • Mouth enzymes= alkali, Stomach enzymes= acid
      • In Industry and home
        • Biological detergents for washing
          • Proteases and Lipases
          • Work better because work at lower temperature
            • Cheaper
        • Proteases
          • Digest protein- Baby food
        • Carbohydrases
          • Break starch to sugar- makes things sweeter
            • Not much needed
        • Isomerase
          • Glucose to fructose
            • Fructose sweeter than glucose,less needed
              • Slimming foods- less calories
    • Carbs, Protiens, Lipids
      • Carbohydrates
        • Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
        • Made of units of energy
          • Some only have one unit
            • Glucose most common of these
          • Sucrose= everyday sugar
            • 2 Units
      • Protiens
        • Used to make cells DENCH
          • Hormones- Insulin
          • Antibodies
          • Enzymes
        • Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen and Nitrogen
        • Chains of amino acids
      • Lipids
        • Wet lips
        • FATS AND OILS
        • Energy store and source
        • Insoluble
        • 3 molecules of fatty acids
          • Joined to a molecule of glycerol
        • Fatty acids differ
          • Different acids= different state
            • Solid fat or  liquid oil

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