BIO 1

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  • ENZYMES= BIOLOGICAL CATALYST
    • Made up of proteins
      • Made up of amino acids
      • Aswell as catalysts, proteins also make up- Hormones, structure of tissues and antibodies.
    • Right conditions
      • TEMPERATURE
        • Changes the rate of the reaction
        • The temperature increases until it gets too hot and begins breaking bonds.
          • This desroys the enzymes unique shape. DENATURING IT = NO REACTION
            • SHAPE
              • Are unique to  suit a reaction.
        • NORMALLY WORK AT 37 DEGREES
      • pH
        • pH intefers with the bonds holding the enzyme together
        • If the pH is too high it denatures the enzyme.
          • This desroys the enzymes unique shape. DENATURING IT = NO REACTION
            • SHAPE
              • Are unique to  suit a reaction.
        • ALL ENZYMES HAVE AN optimum pH, average is 7
    • A reaction involves splitting  something up or joining it together, the enzymes speed up the process.
      • ARE NOT USED UP OR CHANGED.
      • DIGESTIVE ENZYMES
        • Amylase
          • Starch
            • AMYLASE ENZYME
              • maltose/sugars
          • MADE IN SALIVARY GLAND ASWELL AS
            • ALL MADE IN THE SMALLE INTESTINEAND PANCREA
              • made in- pancreas and small intestine
              • Made in-  Stomach aswell as
        • Protease
          • PROTEINS
            • PROTEASE ENZYME
              • AMINO ACIDS
        • Lipase
          • LIPID
            • LIPASE ENZYME
              • GLYCEROL/ FATTY ACIDS
          • made in- pancreas and small intestine

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