Environmental change in rural areas- East Anglia

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  • environmental change in rural areas- East Anglia
    • facts
      • east Anglia is defined as Norfolk and Suffolk
      • East Anglia is leading agricultural region
      • 72% of region is cropland
    • increased use for recreation and lesuire
      • £3.5 billion contributed from tourism in east England
      • cultural heritage and natural beauty
      • Norfolk and Suffolk boards are most extensive wetland in England
        • since 1998  they have had conservation status
      • large stretches of coast are AONB's
      • Mudflats and saltmarshes have international importance, protected as Ramsar sites
      • historic places Eg Norwich castle and Framlingham castle
    • farming change
      • during 1970's and 80's EU's CAP gave financial incentives to increase production of arable crops
      • farmers increased production by- using more in organic fertilisers and increasing are under cultivation
      • hundreds of small farms were unable to keep up with economic changes and absorbed by large businesses
      • to increase space hedgerows were removed
      • use of pesticides has reduced biodiversity
      • ancient woodlands and saltmarshes were turned into arable land.
      • chemicals and fertilisers polluted water

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