English Language Child Language Acquisition Theorists

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  • Child Language Acquisition
    • Halliday
      • Heureustic
        • Find out something "what boy doing?"
      • Imaginative
        • Creativity "one day daddy went to work"
      • Interactional
        • Relate to others "nice mummy"
      • Regulatory
        • Make requests "Not your teddy"
      • Representational
        • Convey info "I am three"
      • Instrumental
        • To get something i.e "go toily"
      • Personal
        • Expressing views "naughty doggy"
    • Child Directed Speech
      • Neutral
        • Evolution
          • Animals can create a sound system to helps their cubs
      • For
        • Kalashnikova
          • Brain scans on babies, more neutrons when ads happens meaning they are more ready to learn
        • Clark & Clark
          • Child who only heard adult speak are not on same standard of language
        • The more a mum talks, the larger the babies vocal will be
      • Against
        • Some countries don't interact with babies at all and they still learn the language
        • Keith and Shuttleworth
          • CDS may be more of a social thing rather that educational
        • Berko & Brown
          • 'Fis' phenomenonbabies don't actually hear themselves so no correction will hep them
        • Brown, Cazden & Bellugi
          • Parents respond to truth of a baby "there doggy" and parent will say "yes a dog" rather than "no, its there is a dog"
    • Vygotsky
      • Zone of Proximal Development(ZPD)
        • Outer circle = what child can't do       Middle circle= support of an adult        Inner circle= what child can already do
    • Nature Vs Nurture
      • Nurture
        • Skinner
          • Children learn to speak through imitating their parents
            • Positive and negative reinforcement
          • Through nurture, children learn to say 'went' instead of 'goed'
        • Bruner & Social Interaction Theory
          • Language is social
          • children language is enriched from level of interaction with adults
          • Only through interaction with adults is when children learn social pragmatics of language
        • LASS
      • Nature
        • Chomsky
          • LAD (Language Acquisition Device)
            • Pre- programmed ability to form grammatically correct syntax
            • Virtuous errors are allowed (Crystal)
          • Universal grammar
        • Lenneberg
          • Critical Period Thinking
            • Once period  of learning has passed (post puberty) language development isn't possible
              • Genie, locked up until 13 and was unable to learn to speak
        • WUG test
    • Piaget
      • 'Big big big' not concept of size
      • Egocentric 'yes I want it

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