Geography - energy security mind map

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  • Energy Security and Future
    • Global energy uncertainty
      • Future performance of global economy
      • Emergent economies' energy demand
      • Possible contribution of unconventional oil source
      • Scale of global population growth
      • The scale of the possible switch to renewable energies
      • Impact of rising living standards
      • Discovery of new energy technologies
      • size of undiscovered oil and gas reserves
    • Responses to increasing Energy demands
      • 1) Business as usual (if we do nothing, forecasts suggest that between now and 2030)
        • global primary energy demand will  rise by 52%, leading to a 55% increase in global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions
        • Fossil fuels will remain the dominant source of energy world wide
        • As the demand for electricity rises, emissions for electricity generation will account for 44%  of global  energy-related emissions by 2030
        • Coal will provide the largest incremental   source  of power generation, with the majority of thus increase likely ti be in China (55%)
        • Over 70% of the increase in global primary energy demand will come from developing countries, reflecting rapid economic and popukation growth
      • 2) Multi-energy solution
        • involves meeting future energy demands from a mixture of renewable, recyclable and non-renewable sources
        • Case study: Nuclear power's second chance?
        • Case study: Wind Power
      • 3) Energy conservation
        • response to increasing energy demands is based on decreasing the amount of energy used
        • Countries have targets  to reduce  their carbon    emissions and cut their energy   requirements
          • E.g. UK is working towards zero energy building standards  for all new housing by 2016
    • Energy insecurity and geopolitical tensions
      • Case study: India and China compete over energy
      • Every country whats be  as energy secure as possible. The key to energy security lies in:
        • Making the greatest possible use of domestic  sources of energy
        • diversifying energy resources
          • Minimize fossil fuel use
          • Maximize renewable sources
          • ensuring guarantees  of imported energy, namely reliable supplies and stable prices
            • Presents the challenge
            • OPEC
      • Oil  and Conflict
    • Meeting future energy needs
      • Global challenge
        • IEA estimates $22trillion of new investment = needed by 2030
      • Radical technologies
        • Offshore wind turbines
        • Carbon Storage
        • Geothermal Energy
        • Bio fuels
      • sustainability
        • Offshore wind farms, carbon capture and geothermal energy = promise high degree of sustainability but much remains to make them economically viable
  • Future performance of global economy
  • Possible contribution of unconventional oil source
  • The scale of the possible switch to renewable energies
  • size of undiscovered oil and gas reserves
  • Kyoto Protocal
    • Emissions  control

Comments

Mr A Gibson

The key points, clearly laid out. Print this off for your revision wall!

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