Emotion (thinking & consciousness)

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  • Emotion & Decision Making
    • Rules of emotion in decision making
      • Focuses our attention on goal relevant oppertunities & information
      • Reduces the range of options for deeper processing & prioritizing those that are of most current relevance.
    • Oatley & Johnson -Laird (1987): Evolutionary account of emotions whereby their function is to signal that current behavior should be interrupted in favor of new goals of higher priority.
    • Emotion as motivation & information
      • Motivators:  •Specific emotions may encourage different behaviours    •Emotion motivates deeper processing of info with a focus on the unique appraisals associated with different emotions   •Fight, flight or freeze.
      • Information:  •Emotions carry value - negative = low value, positive = high value.  •Emotions are anticipated during choice
      • Risk as feelings hypothesis (Lowenstein et al): Suggests our emotional responses to risk provide info during decision making just as they do in analytical probility.
      • Somatic marker hypothesis (Damasio 1996):               •Emotional responses to winning and losing produce anticipatory, physiological responses (somatic markers) during choice •These responses make the different choice options “feel” different in terms of value. •We use these gut feelings, consciously or unconsciously, to guide our choices.


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