Elizabethan Parliament

A mindmap about Elizabethan Parliament. Information mostly sourced from revision guide.

  • Created by: RLou03
  • Created on: 02-09-18 18:38
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  • Elizabethan Parliament
    • Why was Parliament important?
      • Parliament had to be consulted if Elizabeth wanted to raise taxes.
      • Henry VIII established the principle of the King in Parliament.
        • This meant that legislation approved by Parliament had more authority.
      • MPs and HOL members could use Parliament to criticise the Queen and her government.
      • They could act as a pressure group.
        • During the 1560s and 1570s, they demanded that Elizabeth would take a husband
    • The need to manage Parliament.
      • It was the Privy Councillors' job to persuade MPs to pass the Queen's laws.
        • By 1569, it was easy to persuade bishops and courtiers in the HOL
        • In the HOC, MPs were persuaded using threats and bribes.
      • Privy councillors sat on parliamentary committees to speed up the introduction of new laws. Elizabeth sometimes attended these meetings.
      • The Crown could bribe voters into voting for certain MPs. This ensured that MPs were sympathetic to the Government.
    • Issues discussed by Elizabeth's Parliaments
      • Succession: Many MPs wanted Elizabeth to find a husband so that she would have a legitimate heir.
        • This would reduce the chances of a foreign invasion or Civil War.
      • Taxes: How much to raise taxes by at the Monarch's request.
      • Parliamentary rights: e.g. the right of MPs to criticise the Government.
      • Religion: 1559 religious settlement,  where England became Protestant. It was debated in 1571 and 1587.
      • The poor: Vagrants were seen to increase threat in society.
    • Limits on Parliament's power
      • Parliament was not called often
        • Between 1558 and 1603, Elizabeth only summoned 10 Parliaments.
      • Most MPs were men of business so were too busy to confont the Government.
      • MPs saw confronting the Government as risky
        • For example: Peter Wentworth campaigned for freedom of speech and was locked in the tower twice.

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