Electoral process

Not finished, but it's got loads of detail about primaries

  • Created by: Amh
  • Created on: 11-12-12 13:24
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  • Electoral Process
    • Primary stage
      • Invisible primaries
        • Critically important to gaining funding and recognition
          • In 19919 'beth Dole dropped out of the primary stage as she could not gain enough funding
          • Al Gore's raising of a huige amount of funding detered candidates **** Gephardt and Bob Kerry in the 2000 democratic nominations
        • There is a high correlation between who ever wins the invisible primaries and the presidential candidate winner
          • not always the case
            • In the Democratic 2004 nomination process Howard Dean was the front runner but crashed in the primaries
            • In the 2008 primaries Giuliani (rep candidate) had a 10 point lead over McCain
            • H. Clinton had a 15 point lead over Obama in '08
        • Mainly played out by the media
        • Support for candidates at this stage is mainly demonstrated by opinion polls ( some of which are regulated by the press...)
        • There are some not so 'invisible' formal events that occur
          • e.g. For the 2008 election there were 16 televised debates between would-be democratic candidates, and 12 of the republicans
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          • Jefferson-Jackson day dinner, held in iowa, provides an opportunity for speech making
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        • Many candidates use this time to publish autobiographies
      • Primaries
        • Def: a state based election to choose a parties candidate for presidency among ordinary voters it also choooses delegaates committed to votee a certain way
        • New Hamphire is the first primary
        • McGovern-Fraser Commission
          • Democratic party reform which led to increased numbers of primaries
          • -ves
            • Widespread voter apathy and boredom
            • primary voters unrepresentative
            • process is far too long
            • process is very expensive
            • dominated by the media
            • lack of 'peer review'
          • +ves
            • increased level of participation to 30% from 11%
            • Sig. increase in the choice of candidates
            • Open's proccess to outisder politicians with less recognition
            • Less corrupted
            • First real test of how resiliant the candidates are
          • Untitled
        • How to improve the nomination process
          • Regional primaries
            • 4 primaries as a result of 4 regions, on a cyclical order of early dates
            • or they could divide the regions based on district, with those of the smallest populations going first
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          • pre primaries
            • A mini convention that would approve a list of candidates, and then pick 3 to be put forward for primaries
        • Are primaries important
          • Do they accurately predict results?
            • Democrats: YES
              • Especially in 2008
            • Not accurately in the republican party
          • they re-affirm the front runner
      • Caucuses
        • Def: A state based series of meetings for  the selection of a parties candidate
        • Held in states thate are large geographically but sparsley populated
          • e.g. Iowa Nebraska, and Nevada
        • Unrepresentative, low turnouts
          • Favour candidates who are more ideological
            • e.g. Ron Paul, who is on the libertarian branch of ther republican party woon the plurality, 21% in N. Dakota, and 19% in Maine
        • Iowa
          • First caucus
            • often mimick election results
      • Timing
        • State parties usually try to pin the earliest possible date
          • Regional primaries
            • Some neighbouring states try to make primary dates coincide
              • 2008, on the first Tuesday of February - super tuesday, 22 Democratic and 21 Republican
                • To gain influence
          • Some like to have individual dates to gain priminence like New Hampshire
          • Front end Loading
      • Types of primaries
        • Open
          • any registered voter can vote
        • Closed
          • Only registered members of a party can vote in their parties primary
        • There are some states that allow 'cross over voting'
    • National conventions
      • Held between July and September
      • Formal functions
        • Selct the vice candidate
        • Select the presidential candidate
        • Deciding the party plattform
      • Informal functions
        • Reconcile differences between the candidates
        • Enthuse the swinging voters
        • Enthuse the party faithful




This is SO helpful, thank you so much!

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