elderly population

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  • Created by: evebarley
  • Created on: 02-01-16 10:31
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  • elderly population
    • Reasons for ageing population
      • longer life expectency
      • falling fertility rate
    • disadvantage
      • increased public spending
        • more likely to rely on social services like welfare, nhs placing a financial burden on the tax payer
      • loneliness and isolation
        • christina victor (2003) 7% of old people are lonely
      • demands of family members
        • Grundy & Henrietta (2006)
          • 'sandwich generation' middle age women caring for parents/ in law as well as their own children
    • advantages
      • Beanpole families
        • families with 3-5 generations that are close knit
      • Grandparents
        • Marsha Jones (2011)
          • grandparents are the 'reserve army of labour' help with childcare and provide a large financial contribution to family life
      • older workers
        • Elderly increasingly working past official retirement age
          • Gold age pensioners (2011) elderly made a net contribution of £40b in 2010 to uk economy
      • voluntary sector
        • retirees partake in voluntary work e.g. charity shops or local events
          • WRVS (2011) elderly are the social glue of most communities
      • old people as consumers
        • David Kingman (2012)
          • elderly spending power has increased, gross income of pensioners has increased by 50% from 1994 to 2010
    • falling birth rates
      • causes
        • children now seen as financial burden 2013 - £227 226 to raise a child
        • childlessness now a lifestyle choice
        • Beck & Beck Gernsheim (1995)
          • individualism
            • individuals no seek a life of their own no longer tied to traditional norms
    • increasing life expectency
      • 1901 life expectency was 55 years old, 2001 84
      • caused by improved diet, hygiene and health
      • advances in medicine and technology
      • higher standards of living
      • less dangerous and physically demanding jobs

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