GCSE History- Egyptian medicine OCR

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  • Created by: Priya
  • Created on: 15-01-14 19:48
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  • Egyptian Medicine
    • FACTORS ENABLING MEDICAL PROGRESS
      • WRITING
        • First type of written evidence= papyrus. Records were hieroglyphic.
          • Affects medicine as remedies and records were kept. Written evidence. Doctors could diagnose. Gives patient medical background which can be passed on to other physicians.
      • THE NILE & FARMING
        • Channel Theory- Nat. idea of what caused illness.
          • Affects medicine- Egyptians looked at Nile as source of life. Thought body was made up of channels like Nile. If channel in Nile was blocked, you would be ill
        • Egyptian farmland good for growing crops
      • RELIGION
        • Goddess of healing- Sekhmet. Supernatural belief for disease.  Dissection= forbidden
          • Affects medicine- Thought Sekhmet could heal or cause disease
        • Mummificati-on
          • Affects medicine- Know where organs are in body. Preserved body better
      • TRADE
        • Had trade links with India, Africa and China.
          • Traded crops for jewellery and vice versa
            • Affects medicine- Traded Egyptian goods for herbs= herbal remedies= treatment for disease= NATURAL
        • Built ships to buy and sell in other countries.
        • WEALTH
          • Trade and farming= money
            • Powerful rulers
            • Farmers
            • Wealthy country
            • Lead to various improvements in medicine.
      • SPECIALIST DOCTORS
        • AKA Physicians. Pharaoh had many doctors for diff. parts of his body. Affordable to only rich.
          • Affects medicine- Doctors looked for new cures. Kept written records= notes of patients written down= passed onto future Physicians.
    • WHAT THEY THOUGHT CAUSED DISEASE
      • SUPERNAT-URAL
        • Sekhmet- Could cure and cause disease
      • NATURAL
        • Channel Theory
          • Channels blocked= ill person
    • TREATMENTS
      • NATURAL
        • Herbal remedies- rotten bread to cure bladder problem
        • Massaging and ointments
        • Honey and garlic
      • SUPERNAT-URAL
        • Prayer
        • Charms
        • Spells
      • SURGERY
        • Trephinning- Drill holes in skull to let out evil spirits- supernatural- thought evil spirits caused disease.
        • Bone setting
    • PREVENTATI-VE MEDICINE
      • Hygiene Code
        • Wash thrice a day, shave, change and wash clothes, bathe twice.
      • Charms
    • WHO DID THEY GO TO?
      • Specialist doctors
      • Priests
      • Goddess Sekhmet

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