Ancient Egypt Gods and Goddesses

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  • Created by: caitlin
  • Created on: 15-05-13 13:44
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  • Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
    • Amun
      • Appearance
        • man with ram head
        • ram
        • man wearing ostrich plumed hat
      • one of most powerful gods in egypt
        • when he was combinde with Ra (sun god) he was more powerful
        • temple built at Luxor to honor him
    • Anubis
      • Appearance
        • man with jackal head
        • jackal
      • God of embalming + the dead
        • since jackals were seen at the cemeteries, Egyptians believed Anubis watched over the dead
          • Anubis was god who helped to embalm Osiris after he was killed by Seth. Thus, Anubis was the god who watched over the process of mummifying people when they died.
            • priests often wore a mask of anubis during mummification ceremonies
    • Hathor
      • appearance
        • woman with cow ears
        • woman with headdress of horns and sun disk
      • protective goddess + love and joy
        • wife of horus. sometimes thought as mother of pharaoh.
        • large temple built at dendera
    • horus
      • appearance
        • hawk
        • man with head of hawk.
      • god of the sky
        • protector + ruler of Egypt
          • Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the living horus
        • son of osiris + isis
          • After Seth murdered Osiris (his brother) Horus fought with seth for throne of Egypt.
    • Isis
      • appearance
        • woman with headdress shape of throne
        • pair of cow horns with sun disk
      • protective goddess, used magic spells to help people
        • wife of Osiris, mother of Horus
          • often shown with horus on her lap. 'first throne he sat upon'
          • amulet called the isis knot is a symbol of protection
      • temple built at Philae. Still standing.
    • Ma'at
      • appearance
        • woman with feather on head
      • goddess of truth, harmony. Associated with balance on earth.
        • pharaohs often shown in wall reliefs making an offering of Ma'at to the gods, showing preserving harmony + justice on earth
      • daughter of sun god Ra
    • Nepthys
      • appearance
        • woman in headdress showing name in hieroglyphs
      • protective goddess of death
      • sister of Isis + Osiris, sister/ wife of Seth. Mother of Anubis
      • often shown on coffins or in funerary scenes
    • Osiris
      • appearance
        • mummified man wearing white cone like headdress with feathers. Green face.
      • God of the dead, ruler of the underworld
        • also god of resurrection + fertility
          • Egyptians believed Osiris gave them barley
          • temple built at Abydos
      • brother/ husband of Isis, brother of Nepthys +seth, father of Horus.
    • Ra
      • appearance
        • man with hawk head and sun disk headdress
      • sun god. most important
        • Egyptians believed Ra was swallowed every night by Nut and was reborn every morning
          • traveled through underworld every night, appeared as a man with ram's head
    • sekhmet
      • appearance
        • head of lioness
      • goddess of war
    • seth
      • appearance
        • man with head of a 'seth animal', unidentifiable
      • God of chaos
      • represented everything that threatened harmony in Egypt
    • thoth
      • appearance
        • man with head of an ibis holding a writing palette
        • ibis
        • baboon
      • god of writing and knowledge
      • Egyptians believed thoth gave them hieroglyphs

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