Rutter et al. (effects of institutional care)

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  • Created by: em
  • Created on: 17-04-14 17:29
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  • Effects of institutional care - Rutter et al. (2007)
    • Observation
    • Natural experiment
    • Independent variable
      • Control: 52 UK adopted children
      • Level 1: 1/3 6 months old
      • Level 2: 1/3 6-24 months old
      • Level 3: 1/3 2-4 years old
    • Romanian orphans adopted by UK families from institution
      • Entered institution as small babies
    • Dependent Variable
      • Level of functioning
    • Findings
      • At age 6: 26% of Romanian children showed 'marked' disinhibited attachment behaviours
        • Whereas only 3.8% for UK children
      • At age 11: disinhibited attachment persisted & many were recieving help for educational needs and/or mental health problems
    • Conclusions
      • Some had impaired functions after failing to form attachment
      • Factors that affected this where the number of years spent without attachment and how good the adoptive family were
      • Effects of privation are not as global as Bowlby's theory and critical period suggest
    • Evaluation
      • Wide range of measurement to assess children's behaviour (interviews and observations)
      • Sample bias e.g. subject attrition. Therefore unrepresentative of sample
      • Reliance on self-report techniques might have biased findings

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