Effects of Climate Change on the UK

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  • Effects of Climate Change in the UK
    • Drought due to high temperatures and below average rainfall
      • farmers become affected because crops do not grow well and water supplies become more tightly controlled
    • Sea levels rise due to global warming
      • Low-lying coasts like East Anglia, Essex and London could flood and coast lines erode quicker, e.g. Holderness
        • Expensive sea defenses and flood barriers needed.
    • Warmer UK benefits
      • in winter heating costs and road gritting costs could fall
      • more people could take their holidays in the Uk, which would be good for the tourism industry
      • there could be fewer deaths of old people in the winter from the cold
      • New crops might mean new sales opportunities for farmers
      • more land could be farmed at higher altitudes
    • Warmer UK negatives
      • In the summer, drought and water shortages could become more common, especially in the south
      • There could be more illnesses such as, heat-stroke and skin cancer
      • Very hot temperatures can melt road surfaces and buckles railway lines
      • Farmers might have to change crops to those that need less water and more sunshine
      • Some plants and animals might die out in the UK
    • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)- the total value of goods and services in a nation measure over a year
      • In 2005 Sir Nicholas Stern wrote a report on global warming and its impacts. THis was called the, "Stern Review
        • "We should spend 2% of our GDP reducing greenhouse gases and pollution now"
          • If we don't do this the effects of global warming could reduce our GDP by 20%
    • Extreme Weather
      • Storms like the great gales in 1987 and 1990
      • flooding, like summer 2007, when parts of the midlands had a month's rainfall in 1-2 days
        • Expensive because insurance companies have to pay out, and the government has to help.
          • Heat waves like summer 2003, when temperature s reached 38 degrees
            • By 2030 heat waves like the one in 2003 could happen once in every 3 years
          • Storms like the great gales in 1987 and 1990
        • millions of pounds need to be spent on flood barriers
      • Heat waves like summer 2003, when temperature s reached 38 degrees
        • By 2030 heat waves like the one in 2003 could happen once in every 3 years

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