Effects of Tropical Storms

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  • How can the effects of tropical storms be reduced?
      • Having fuel in vehicles
      • Plan with family what to do
      • Preparing disaster supply kits
      • Knowing where official evacuation shelters are.
      • People advised to stock up on water and food
      • Emergency services and train and prepare for disasters
      • Every year in the USA, in May there is a hurricane awareness week. Focuses on educating people.
      • Scientists check for areas with low pressure etc sea temperatures of 27 degrees
      • Is very fragile, as they can easily be wrong, due to the 'cone of inaccuracy.'
        • Monitors precipitation every three hours
        • Identifies high altitude rainclouds.
        • There is a classic cloud pattern associated with tropical storms that satellites monitor.
          • It was discovered that rainclouds that reach approx. 16km in altitude are more likely indicated that a tropical storm will will intensify within 24 hours.
      • AIRCRAFT
        • At 10,000 feet to collect air pressure, rainfall and wind speed data.
        • A plane first flew purposely into a hurricane in 1943. To make observations.
        • They release sensors which send measurements every second by radio back to the aircraft.
        • Specalised to frequently fly into tropical storms.
      • NASA measures weather patterns across the Atlantic.
        • Using two unmanned aircraft called Global Hawk drones.
          • With on-board radar and microwaves to help scientists understand mroe about the formation of tropical storms.


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